Climate change has become a major issue that requires an urgent response at two levels: on the one hand, reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation) and, on the other hand, limiting the impacts of climate change (adaptation).

The range of adaptation measures is very broad, including the use of technologies (raising the level of dikes, etc.), behavior changes (rational management of water consumption, etc.), modification of management techniques (appropriate agricultural practices, etc.) and political decisions (strategic plans, etc.).

On the basis of the analysis of expected impacts, the prioritisation of vulnerabilities and the search for operational solutions, adaptation measures have already been taken at various levels: